This is a piece of diagnostic equipment which checks your pet's blood for any abnormalities. This should be performed on a regular basis as a part of a general health check, we can ensure there are no underlying medical conditions in your pet. This machine has the facility to test all species of blood.
Medical conditions that are screened for include:
- Diabetes Mellitus (raised glucose levels)
- Hypoglycaemia (low glucose levels)
- Hyperadrenocorticism (Cushing's Syndrome - over active adrenal gland)
- Hypocalcemia (Low calcium levels)
- Hypercalcaemia (Raised calcium levels)
- Liver failure/disease (Raised liver enzymes)
- Protein loss
- Raised cholesterol
As many samples as possible are examined at the surgery. This aids the speed of diagnosis for your pet to ensure medication is prescribed as promptly as possible. Samples which can be examined under the microscope include:
Urine, to examine for:
- Hematuria (Blood in urine)
- Urinary stones
- Urinary crystals (Triple phosphate crystals, calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate and urate crystals)
Hair and skin may be examined for:
- Mites (Demodex, Sarcoptes scabei)
- Cheyletiella (Walking dandruff)
- Bacterial culture
- Ringworm, examination with a woods lamp
- Malassezia (Fungal infection)
Blood may be examined for:
- Blood smears to examine different blood cells checking for abnormalities and any blood parasites such as Mycoplasma and Haemofetis.
This piece of equipment is used to record the electrical activity of the heart. An ECG trace is examined by the Veterinary surgeon to help diagnose any problems with the heart or any associated cardiac disease.
Once the ECG has been interpreted conditions such as the following may be diagnosed:
- Right and left atrial enlargement
- Right and left ventricular enlargement
- Atrioventricular block
- Bundle branch block
- Dysrhythmia (loss of normal regular heart beat)
- Dilated cardiomyopathy
Following an ECG it may be necessary to perform further investigation to achieve a definitive diagnosis such as thoracic radiographs or ultrasonography of the chest.
Electrocardiography is also used by our Veterinary nurses as a monitoring aid whilst patients are under general anaesthesia.
Blood Pressure Monitor and hyperthyroidism:
We use the blood pressure monitor to test for high or low blood pressure (Hypertension and hypertension). This may just be old age or may be secondary to such medical problems as renal failure. Therefore routine screening is advisable especially in geriatric cats. If hypertension is apparent then medication would be prescribed by the veterinary surgeon to help control it.
This small piece of equipment allows us to measure the pressure behind your pet's eyes. This test is used for screening conditions such as glaucoma.
Local anaesthetic is applied into the eye, the tonometer tip is then placed on the cornea. This applies pressure and measures how much the cornea indents.
This computerised x-ray system is an extremely advanced system. It enables us to obtain high quality radiographs of your pet's anatomy and therefore keeping the length of anaesthesia to a minimum.
The system allows us to change contrast, enhance the image and change the view of the radiograph at the click of a button.
This system also allows us to print the image onto photographic paper, so if you the owner would like a copy of the radiograph to keep then we are able to do so.
Ultrasonography is used within the practice to examine the soft tissues within the patient's thoracic or abdominal cavities. This equipment may be used to obtain a definitive diagnosis following blood investigations and radiographs. In most cases ultrasonography may be performed in conscious patients, however sometimes sedation is required when examining, particularly in cats and stressed patients.
The ultrasound may also be used to detect pregnancies, and examine tendons, tendon sheaths and large joints like the stifle joint (knee joint).
The endoscopes used in the practice are highly sophisticated pieces of equipment. They are used to look inside the patients body cavities without being invasive. They work by transmitting light from a light source to illuminate the body cavity and transmitting the resulting image to the veterinary surgeon.
Not only is the endoscope used to examine the patient's internal anatomy but some may also be used to collect fluid and tissue samples as well as undertaking surgical procedures.
This is a modern way of obtaining samples without an invasive procedure being performed and therefore much less stressful to yourselves and your pet.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI):
The Group has access to the use of a MRI unit based in Buckhurst Hill in Essex.
This piece of equipment is an extremely advanced diagnostic tool.
MRI is a cross sectional imaging system. The patient is placed in a strong magnetic field which aligns the magnetic vectors of the atoms in the body. Radio-frequency waves are passed through the body to deflect the magnetic vectors. This information is relayed to a computer which generates a cross sectional image.
A major advantage of using an MRI scanner is the ability to differentiate soft tissue structures, cartilage, ligaments, tendons and subchondral bone.
Therefore a diagnosis may be reached from this image without an invasive procedure being performed. Once an image has been processed the veterinary surgeon is then able to assess whether surgery is necessary and if so how the surgeon would approach the desired area of interest.
Our main hospital Broadway Veterinary Hospital in Peterborough and Citivet in Mile End are fully equipped to deal with all orthopaedic surgeries.
These also include a Triple Pelvic Osteotomy (TPO) and a Tibial Plateau Leveling Osteotomy (TPLO). The first procedure is performed in the treatment of dogs who are suffering from hip dysplasia. The second is performed in the treatment of a ruptured cranial cruciate ligament injury. Spinal surgery is also performed.
Fracture repair using internal and external fixation is also routinely undertaken.